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  Diesel dearer by Rs 1.02 per litre
Diesel prices were on May 11, 2013 hiked by Rs 1.02 per litre, the fourth increase in rates this year. IOC said the government had in an order dated January 17 authorised oil firms to “increase the retail selling price of diesel within a small range every month until further order.”  “Accordingly since then, retail price of diesel have been raised by Rs 0.45 per litre on three occasions — January 18, February 16 and March 23,” the statement said.
  Petrol price cut by Rs2 per litre, excluding local taxes
The government on March 15, 2013 announced that the petrol prices have been cut by Rs 2 per litre, excluding local taxes.*Following are the revised prices of petrol in four metros after oil firms cut rates, with effect from midnight on 15th March 2013t. 
State    Current Price    Revised Price     Decrease 
Delhi         70.74                68.34                2.40
Kolkata     78.34                75.84                2.50
Mumbai     77.66               75.14                 2.52
Chennai    73.95                71.41                 2.54
(All rates in Rs/litre) 
The petrol price was hiked by Rs1.50 a litre on February 16 and by a further Rs1.40 per litre on March 2. It currently sells at Rs70.74 a litre in Delhi. Since the last revision, international petrol prices have come down from $131 to $120 per barrel.

   Petrol price to go up by Rs. 1.40 per litre from  March 1, 2013 midnight
Petrol prices again go up by Rs. 1.40 per litre, excluding taxes, from March 1, 2013 due to the depreciating rupee and a sharp increase in crude oil prices in global markets, the government-run oil marketing firms said. This is the second increase in petrol price in the past two weeks. It was hiked by Rs.1.50 per litre February 16, 2013.
   LPG price hiked  by Rs 11.42 on October 6, 2012 

  Cooking gas (LPG) price was  hiked by Rs 11.42 per cylinder following government decision to raise commission paid to the dealers on October 6, 2012.  Petrol and diesel prices too may go up marginally as the Oil Ministry considers raising dealers commission by at least 23 paisa and 10 paisa a litre respectively. The Ministry issued orders raising commission paid to LPG dealers from Rs 25.83 per 14.2-kg cylinder to Rs 37.25 on October 5, 2012. Rs 11.42 per cylinder increase in the commission on the subsidised cooking fuel is being passed on to consumers, they said. For the consumer, subsidised LPG in Delhi will now cost Rs 410.42 per cylinder, up from Rs 399.
  The hike comes within weeks of the government deciding to restrict supply of subsidised cooking gas to 6 cylinders of 14.2-kg size per household in a year. The remaining supplies would have to be sourced at market rates. The hike being considered for petrol and diesel is less than 67 paisa and 42 paisa respectively being demanded by petrol pump dealers in view of their working capital cost going up substantially due to frequent price changes and sharp rise in overheads like electricity charges.
Diesel prices hiked by 5 rupees on September 13, 2012 
The government raised the price of heavily subsidised diesel on September 13, 2012 by 5 rupees per litre to rein in its fiscal deficit and counter the threat of becoming the first of the big emerging economies to be downgraded to junk. The fuel price increase caused an instant political backlash. 
  Trinamool Congress, a partner in the ruling coalition, announced a protest march at the weekend and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) called the move "financial terror".Protests earlier this year over petrol price and railway fare hikes prompted Manmohan Singh to partially roll them back. "Nobody wants to put pressure on people but the subsidy bill had risen so high that this became inevitable," Pawan Kumar Bansal, minister for parliamentary affairs, told Reuters. "This is an essential step to revive the economy and the investors' confidence."   Diesel is one of the main contributors to a subsidy bill could push the country's fiscal deficit above a target of 5.1% of gross domestic product.

 Largest hike in petrol prices on May 24, 2012 
    Oil companies, Government and Aam Aadmi 
Oil companies, Government and Aam Aadmi
The single largest hike in petrol prices - of Rs. 6.28 per litre, exclusive of taxes on May 24, 2012- has led to a nationwide outrage with the common man and the government's allies fuming alike over the issue. The new prices came into effect from midnight. "They don't think, how will people afford a 7-and-a-half rupee hike? The prices are already sky high.  
    Price of petrol in Metros from May 24, 2012
      Fuel prices on May 24, 2012
The hike was announced just a day after the Budget Session got over. It's a huge hike and it keeps increasing. The revision in petrol prices comes as the rupee hit an all-time low of Rs. 56.19 against the dollar. The actual increase in prices will vary from state to state depending on sales and local VAT taxes. Within half an hour of the new prices being announced, there were long queues at gas stations across the capital. Amid anger from allies, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee said, "The decision has been taken, petrol is a deregulated commodity."
  Petrol costlier by Rs 3.14 to Rs 3.32 a litre from September 15, 2011

  Oil companies on Thursday increased petrol prices by Rs 3.14 to Rs 3.32 a litre with effect from midnight, the second biggest hike in more than a year. The hike, companies say, has been done to pass on the impact of a depreciating rupee which has resulted in a higher import cost. The last hike was effected on May 15, when companies raised prices by Rs 5 a litre as they losing Rs 10 a litre.
  The increase comes after inflation climbed to a 13-month high of 9.78 per cent in August. This is the ninth increase since petrol prices were decontrolled in June 2010. Petrol prices have moved up more than 39 per cent since then. During the same period, diesel prices, which are still regulated, have been increased just twice, by 8.37 per cent.

    Petrol price increase chart   



     Even though petrol is decontrolled, public sector OMCs, Indian Oil, Hindustan Petroleum and Bharat Petroleum, did not pass on the increase in tune with market changes. Even though they claimed to be free toprice petrol, the increase was often staggered and guided by the political environment.
  Meanwhile, OMCs have also raised prices of aviation turbine fuel by 2.53 per cent, or Rs 1,429 per kilolitre, to Rs 57,689 in Delhi, with effect from tomorrow. The increase has been on account of a sharp depreciation in rupee against the dollar and firm global prices. 

LPG, diesel price hike on June 2011 
  On Friday, the 24th June 2011 evening the government announced another major increase in fuel prices. No section of society was spared the burden as diesel rates were increased by Rs 3 to Rs 47.25 per litre, LPG by a phenomenal Rs 50 per cylinder to approximately Rs 399 and kerosene by Rs 2 per litre.  On May 15, the government had increased petrol prices by Rs 5 per litre.
  The man in the street will be forced to contribute Rs 21,000 crore to the state coffers by this one swift stroke. Confounded by the repeated burden the 'aam aadmi' is being saddled with, transporters' unions,
consumers and housewives alike despaired at the situation. Diesel being a transporter's fuel, the cost of each item of consumption , be it perishables or nonperishable , is set to spiral.
  Several buses in the BEST and MSRTC fleets ply on diesel and the management will soon take a decision on fare hike. Hotels and restaurants are also expected to revise rates. Most vegetables already cost Rs 60 per kg in the absence of any trigger. Pravin Wagh, president of the Crawford Market Fruitsellers Association , described the hike in diesel as a body blow to the common man. "It is tough to imagine why the government is taking unpopular steps to benefit public sector companies at the cost of the common man even as its own ministers are involved in multiple scams," he said. 
  The Rs 50 rise in LPG prices has caused anger among housewives. "This is open loot," said Bandra resident Sheela Damani. "Fruits have gone off the table and it is becoming difficult to buy vegetables for a reasonable price. I shudder to think what will happen with three years to go before the next election."
Bombay Goods Transport Association president Girish Agarwal said increase in diesel prices will add to inflation. "Freight rates and cost of transportation will go up, inflating the cost of all essential
commodities," he stated. "When global crude oil price was US$ 140, the diesel price was about Rs 35 . Now, when crude oil prices have dropped in the range of US$ 100-110 , diesel has gone over Rs 42. We need to review the entire pricing system."

   Petrol in India costlier than in US

  NEW DELHI, December 1, 2011: Petrol in India is costlier than in its neighbouring countries and in the US, primarily because of high taxes. Petrol in Delhi today costs Rs 66.42 per litre as against Rs 44.88 a litre price in the US, Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas R P N Singh told Rajya Sabha in a written reply to a question. Even after the November 16 reduction of Rs 2.22 per litre in rates, petrol at Rs 66.42 a litre in Delhi is costlier than Rs 48.64 a litre in Pakistan.
  Whereas in Sri Lanka it is Rs 61.38 per litre, Rs 52.42 a litre in Bangladesh and Rs 65.26 per litre in landlocked Nepal. Incidentally, Nepal does not have a refinery and imports all its requirement from
India. However, petrol in Europe is costlier than in India. In the UK, it is priced at Rs 104.60 per litre.
Singh said of the Rs 66.42 per litre price of petrol in Delhi includes Rs 26.59 a litre because of taxes (both central excise and local sales tax or VAT).The US has only Rs 5.32 per litre tax on petrol while it is Rs 62.47 a litre in UK.  

  PETROL PRICES IN METROS  (in Rs per litre)
                  Delhi           Kolkata       Mumbai           Chennai
15-May-11   63.37              67.71          68.33               67.22
2-Mar          58.37              62.5            63.08               61.93
16-Jan         58.37              62.5           63.08                63.36
16-Dec-10   55.87               59.9           60.46                60.65
26-Jun        51.43              55.32          55.88                55.92
1-Apr          47.93              51.67          52.2                 52.13

 Petrol price was officially decontrolled on June 26, 2010 under Petroleum Minister Murli Deora. The increase was then Rs 3.50 a litre. Since then prices have been hiked seven times, except in Mumbai where it marginally came down once. Despite decontrol and international prices rising, oil companies did not raise prices since January 2011. Last such hike was in December 2008  when petrol cost Rs 50.56 a litre. 


  Bharat Petroleum (BPCL) on Saturday hiked price by Rs 4.99 a litre and Hindustan Petroleum (HPCL) by Rs 5.01. Petrol at BPCL outlets currently costs Rs 58.39 a litre and at HPCL pumps, Rs 8.38 a litre. The oil marketing companies said Saturday?s increase was only 50 per cent of the required increase. "The full price hike has not been passed on to consumers. We were incurring a loss of Rs 10.50 on a litre of petrol," said a senior executive of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation who did not want to be named.
   Government-controlled Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum Corporation and HPCL together were making a revenue loss of Rs 47 crore a day on selling petrol. The revenue loss on petrol that includes a portion of marketing margins now stands reduced by half. "Despite very high global crude oil prices and a huge debt burden of oil companies, the increase is only moderate keeping the consumers? interest in view,? said an IndianOil statement. After the petrol price increase, the next increase could come in diesel which is being sold Rs 16.17 lower than the benchmark price and LPG. Oil marketing companies are selling kerosene at a loss of Rs 29.69 a litre and 14.2-kg LPG cylinder at Rs 329.73.
   Increase in fuel prices could further push up inflation, which is ruling at 8.98 per cent, since diesel has a weightage of 4.6702 per cent in the wholesale price index though petrol has a weight of 1.09015 per cent. Fuel price index was 12.25 per cent for the year to April 30, 2011. Former Union Finance Minister  Pranab Mukherjee indicated that the country's GDP growth could be lower than the targeted 9 per cent by a percentage point due to inflationary pressure coming from oil prices.    
  The government had not been taking a call on fuel price increase since December despite the benchmark Indian basket of crude oil prices touching a peak of $121.90 a barrel on April 28 this year after it averaged $85 in 2010-11.The June 2010 hike in diesel, kerosene and LPG prices was done at $75 a barrel. In the current financial year so far, the oil marketing companies have incurred a revenue loss of Rs 22,000 crore on sale of diesel, kerosene and LPG, prices for which are still controlled by the government. Though upstream oil and gas producing companies are expected to share one-third of this loss, called under recovery in industry parlance, a meeting of the empowered group of ministers is expected to take up the issue of hike in these products next week.
`   A date for EGoM has not yet been fixed.OMCs are able to show profits on their books because of being compensated by the upstream companies Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Oil India and GAIL Ltd, besides the government. The three upstream companies are asked to share one-third of their losses since a spike in global prices help them. They are paid international parity price for their crude oil and other products sold to the marketing companies. On the strength of Rs 20,000 crore released earlier this week, the three oil marketing companies are expected to show a profit in their 2010-11 results. The release of the amount has already wiped out the petroleum subsidy provided for in the current year's budget. 


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